Appropriate Use of E-Resources
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Misuse of e-resources by individual users that violates the terms of the Library's agreements with publishers may result in the suspension or termination of the entire University community's access to Library-subscribed e-resources.

The use of Library-subscribed e-resources is governed by license agreements negotiated between the University Library and publishers/vendors. It is important that our users abide by the terms of these agreements so that the entire University community can enjoy uninterrupted access to Library-subscribed e-resources. We request that you familiarize yourself with the responsibilities of using electronic resources and adhere to the rules as shown below:

Authorized Users

  • Electronic resources are provided to current HKBU faculty, staff, students, and other authorized users only.


  • The entirety of the content of Library-subscribed e-resources is protected by the copyright of the publishers/vendors.
  • Users are warned that they are fully responsible for any legal consequences arising from the infringement of applicable copyright laws.

Appropriate Use

  • Copyright regulations permit users to download, save, and print a reasonable portion of text, search results, or other information obtained from e-resources provided they are used solely for studying, teaching, or research purposes.
  • Do not share your access password with others.
  • Do not copy and use information obtained from e-resources in your own work without proper attribution.

Excessive/Systematic Downloading

  • Systematic or programmatic downloading, copying, or archiving of an excessive portion of an e-resource in any form or medium is strictly prohibited. Examples:

    • Downloading articles one after the other continuously for a period of time.
    • Downloading tables of content, search results, or citations continuously for a period of time.
    • Downloading the complete run of an e-journal.
    • Downloading entire e-books.
    • Archiving of downloaded materials on local servers outside the control of the publisher/vendor without permission is prohibited.

Redistribution of Information

  • Reselling, redistributing, or reproduction of an e-resources content, search results, other output, or other information in any medium or form is strictly prohibited.
  • Posting retrieved/downloaded materials to a listserv, website, or e-mail list is prohibited.
  • Redistribution of materials to non-subscribers or non-subscribing institutions is prohibited.

Consequences of Agreement Violations

  • The publisher/vendor reserves the right to monitor the use of e-resources and track account activity. If unusual activity is detected, the machine that is the source of the suspected misuse will be traced.
  • The publisher/vendor may ask the Library to warn the user of the source machine, or even deny access to the e-resource involved to the entire University community.
  • Users are fully responsible for the legal and monetary penalties that may be applied by the publisher/vendor. The Library may also suspend violators from access to other Library-subscribed e-resources.